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Dangerous Goods

Dangerous goods are articles and substances which are capable of posing a significant risk to safety when transported by air. They may be corrosive, flammable, explosive, oxidising or reactive with water. Whatever their properties and their potential for injury and destruction, great care is needed in their handling, storage and transport.

Australia has adopted a system of classification and labelling for dangerous goods. This system helps people to quickly recognise dangerous goods, their properties and dangers.

Class Description
1 Explosives eg. commercial explosives, fireworks, ammunition and flares.
2 Gases eg. compressed and liquefied gases and aerosols.
3 Flammable Liquids eg. lighter fluid, matches, paint thinner, fire lighters and alcohol.
4 Flammable Solids eg. adhesives, articles containing celluloid, oily rags and petrol.
5 Oxidising Substances and Organic Peroxides eg. bleaches, acids and pool chemicals, glass fibre repair kits, hair and textile dyes, disinfectants and adhesives.
6 Toxic and Infectious Substances eg. viable micro-organisms and pathological samples.
7 Radioactive Materials eg. instruments and medical or research materials containing radioactive sources.
8 Corrosive Materials eg. acids, alkalis, wet-cell batteries, caustic soda and mercury.
9 Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods eg. magnetised materials, dry ice, machines equipped with fuel tanks, polymerizable materials, noxious or irritating substances, articles liable to damage aircraft structures and articles possessing other inherent characteristics which make them unsuitable for air carriage unless properly packed.


Carriage of dangerous goods by air is governed by the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA), the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) and the International Air Transport Association (IATA).

Restrictions In Acceptance - Special Handling

  • Dangerous goods can only be accepted in accordance with IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations, copies of which are available at your local Qantas Freight office.

  • The outer packaging must show the full shipping name of the contents.

  • The shipper is legally responsible for the declaration, classification, packing, marking, labelling and documentation of all dangerous goods consignments. Strict and severe penalties apply to any person or company who ignores the regulations by misdeclaration of contents, incorrect packaging, inaccurate declarations, etc.

  • If a consolidated consignment or mixed consignment includes dangerous goods, such articles must be tendered separately, and must be clearly indicated as dangerous goods in the Nature and Quantity of goods (including dimensions or volume) box on the AWB. They must also be clearly indicated as dangerous goods on the AWB Extension List (when an Extension List is used).